AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE # 12   (solutions until October 20, 2017)

SPANISH (scroll down)

Dragon puzzle 121.5


ENGLISH (scroll up)





 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE # 11   (solutions until October 13, 2017)

Solution to the puzzle 


Send your solution to us (AgoraPhilosophy at by Friday, October 13 before midnight, New York time. The winner will be announced on Agora.



 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE # 10   (solutions until October 7, 2017)


Solution to the puzzle 

We received correct solutions from Heidi Bennent (Germany), Maurizio Bisogno (Ireland), Regina Penner (Russia), and Michele Zese (Italy). Thank you, the four of you, for your nice solutions!.
Puzzle 10 2



 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE # 9   (solutions until September 30, 2017)

Solution to the puzzle 

Once again, Maurizio Bisogno has solved this puzzle.

1. Albert Camus (1913-1960)

In his book The Myth of Sisyphus, Camus explains that a philosophical issue is significant when it makes a difference to us, when it has practical consequences:

There is only one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is [the issue of] .?.?.?.?.?. … All the rest – whether or not the world has three dimensions, whether the mind has nine or twelve categories – comes afterwards.

(a) Love (b) Suicide (c) Spirituality (d) Happiness


2. Ludwig Wittgenstein (1189-1951)

Wittgenstein argues that many philosophical problems are a result of a misunderstanding of how language works. In his book Philosophical Investigations, he says:

Philosophical problems arise when language goes on ?.?.?.?.?

(a) Peacefully (b) Forever (c) As it should (d) Holiday


3. Michel de Montaigne (1553-1592)

Montaigne criticizes philosophers who look only at the respectable” sides of life, and who distort life by elevating it. He calls us to return to the simple and honest wisdom of everyday life. In his book The Essays, he says:

The philosophers are very right to refer us to the laws on Nature, but they distort these laws and present Nature’s face too sophisitically, and they paint them in colors that are too exalted… Just as Nature has given us feet to walk with, so it has given us wisdom to guide us in our lives... I would rather be an expert on  ?.?.?.?.?  than an expert on [the philosopher] Cicero.

(a) Me (b) Sex (c) Ideas (d) Everything


4. Alfred Nord Whitehead (1861-1947)

The English philosopher and mathematician Alfred Nord Whitehead, in his book Process and Reality, suggests that while philosophy does not rest on authority but on reason, nevertheless a few philosophers have served as influential “masters of thought.” He says:

The safest general characterization of the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to ?.?.?.?.?

(a) Human suffering (b) Plato (c) Life (d) The Stoics


5. Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855)

The main issue for Kierkegaard, the Danish father of existentialism, is how to live truly and authentically; or in his language – how to exist (hence “existentialism”). He attacks philosophers like Hegel who speak about life in the abstract, and who present complete systems of thought. An existing human being, in contrast, is always an unfinished work, always searching and asking questions. In his book Concluding Unscientific Postscript he says:

As soon as we remember that philosophizing does not speak to fantastic beings in fantastic language, but that the philosopher speaks to human beings… and that the question is what existing human beings as existing beings must do, then it will be evident that the ideal of  ?.?.?.?.?  is the only view of life that does not lead to inevitable disillusion.

(a) Striving (b) Pleasure (c) Religion (d) Philosophizing



 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE # 8  (solutions until September 23, 2017)

Solution to the puzzle 

Nobody managed to give a complete solution to the puzzle, but Maurizio Bisogno gave an almost-complete solution. Good job, Maurizio!


Puzzle 8 1.4 array only


1. Democritus believed that the world is made of them.
4. Marcus Aurelius' guiding principle.
5. According to Heraclitus, you cannot step twice into it.
6. A tool of Occam.
7. For Anaximenes, all things are composed of it.
9. Anselm tried to prove that he exists.
10. The American philosopher John Rawls became famous for his theory about it.
12. For Thales, everything is made of it.
13. Schopenhauer believed that it has no meaning.
16. The branch of logic that deals with possibilities and necessities.
18. For Sartre, it objectifies the other person.
20. Considered the father of modern theory of capitalism.
21. For Wittgenstein, what you should keep when you cannot speak about something.
23. A leading thinker of the Frankfurt School.
24. For the Greeks, the divine order of the cosmos.


1. The opposite of A posteriori
2. It can dance, according to Nietzsche's Zarathustra.
3. Descartes' "I think therefore I am."
4. Bergson's holistic flow.
8. The father of phenomenology
11. Kierkegaard's three stages of life: the aesthetic, the ... and the religious
14. A rule of moral behavior for Kant.
15. An ancient woman philosopher from Alexandria.
16. Zeno tried to prove that it cannot exist.
17. For Merleau-Ponty, you know the world through it.
19. For Plotinus, everything yearns to connect to it.
22. Hanna Arendt wrote about its banality.

 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE # 7  (solutions until September 16, 2017)


Solution to the puzzle 

Three readers sent us correct answers to Puzzle #7: Karl Pfeifer, Maurizio Bisogno, and Lydia Amir. Good job, Karl, Maurizio and Lydia!

If for EXISTENTIALISM, the human being is a free individual who tries to face basic life-issues authentically, then which one of the following is NOT an existentialist?

If according to EMPIRICISM, our knowledge of reality is based on experience that comes from the senses (not only on reason), then which of the following is NOT an empiricist?

If the ONE is the unifying, basic principle that is at the root of reality, then which of the following does NOT put the ONE at the center of his worldview?

If COMMON-SENSE PHILOSOPHY believes that common sense should guide our understanding of the world, then which of the following is NOT a common-sense philosopher?

If PHENOMENOLOGY studies the world in terms of the basic structure of experience, then which of the following is NOT a phenomenologist?

If for FOUNDATIONALISM, all our knowledge about the world must be based on a basic piece of knowledge that we know with certainty, then which of the following is a foundationalist?

If PROCESS PHILOSOPHY sees reality as an ongoing, developing process (not fixed and timeless), then which one of the following is a process philosopher?



 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE #6 (solutions until August 26, 2017)


Solution to the puzzle 

Regina Penner from Russia won Puzzle 6, giving the biggest number of correct solutions.

Below you will find a list of hints. Each hint refers to an important book by an important thinker. The hints are not exact – they are approximate and even distorted.

For example:

BOTH OF US -> I and Thou (Martin Buber)

PEOPLE’S SITUATION ->The Human Condition (Hannah Arendt)

Can you identify 15 books? Or 10? Or even only 6? – if so, then send your solution to us (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) by Saturday, August 26 before midnight, New York time. The winner (the most correct identifications) will be announced on Agora.

1. Two possibilities, but not both

2. The king’s son

3. The words of some Persian guy

4. The way everything is organized

5. The legend of a Greek man

6. Existence and absence

7. Love of wisdom

8. All kinds of spiritual feelings

9. Study of people’s comprehension

10. Nine parts

11. Original Development

12. Secret of Existence

13. Individual and public

14. The party

15. Assessment of clean logic

16. The universe as a desire and an image

17. Descartes’ reflections

18. The declaration of solidarity

19. Beyond-the-material

20. The experience of the sadness of living


 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE #5 (solutions until August 19, 2017)


Solution to the puzzle

 Nobody solved this puzzle

The thinkers in each group have something in common, which none of the thinkers in the other groups have. Can you identify what is common and unique to each group?

Philosophers group 1

 Philosophers group 2

 Philosophers group 3

 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE #4 (solutions until August 11, 2017) 


Solution to the puzzle 

The winner of this puzzle was Maurizio Bisogno.  

In the matrix of letters below, there are 26 Greek concepts that were used by important ancient Greek philosophers. The letters of each word are arranged on one straight line: downwards, upwards, left, right, or diagonally. The letters can be either forwards or backwards (for example, either “nous” or “suon”). One of these words (“nous”) is marked in yellow. How many additional words can you find? Puzzle4




 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE #3    (July 29, 2017)


Solution to the puzzle

The winner of this puzzle is Jason Barnes. He received a free book of his choice from Loyev Books.


The following is an “alphabetic chain” of philosophers. The FIRST OR LAST letter of each name is the same as the FIRST OR LAST letter of the next name:

Puzzle 3

The above chain is made of 4 names (Kant, Kierkegaard, Descartes, Plotinus). What is the LONGEST alphabetical chain you can create?

A chain must consist only of family names of philosophers who appear in the TOPICS section of Agora. All names must be in English spelling (for examples, Plato, not Platon). The same name cannot appear twice.



 AGORA PHILOSOPHY PUZZLE #2       (July 22, 2017)

Solution to the puzzle

The winner of this puzzle is Karl Pfeifer. He received a free book of his choice from Loyev Books.




Solution to the puzzle

The winner of this puzzle were Ruth Eilon, Sergey Borisov and Maurizio Bisogno. They each received a free book of their choice from Loyev Books.  



1. For Eric Fromm, _ _ _ _ love is not a feeling but an attitude towards the world. (See Agora’s Topics page

5. A component of the psyche, according to Freud.

7. What is common to the middle of Unamuno, of Montaigne, and of Sartre’s lover.

8. The “philosophical grandson” of Socrates.

12. According to Plato, it is a copy of a copy.

13. Pela _ _ _ _, an Irish British thinker of the 4-5 century AD, who believed in free will as opposed to pre-destination.

14. A British philosopher who did not have an experience of a self. (See Agora’s Topics page

16. A philosophy book titled _ _ _ Homo.

18. One country in which the social philosophy of “Buen Vivir” is developing (shortened name).

20. Half human and half God, according to a wise woman.

22. She was a Russian-American novelist and an egoistic philosopher (initials of first and last name).

23. One of the reasons critiqued by Immanuel Kant.

25. A British “ordinary language” philosopher of the 20th century who denounced “the ghost in the machine” (initials of first and last name).

26. A Harvard professor of political philosophy who called for a minimal state (initials of first and last name).

27. The field of the Agora website.

28. A prefix that turns physics into a field of philosophy.

30. One of the four elements according to Empedocles.

32. A sociologist and philosopher who wrote about protestant ethics.

33. A major Neo-Platonist (See Agora’s Topics page

35. According to Hermann Hesse, they can teach us a lot.

37. The Philosophy of __ by French philosopher Gaston Bachelard.

39. Diogenes threw one of them into Plato’s academy.

40. A 19th century English philosopher of evolution.



2. Jacques Derrida’s book The _ _ _ of the Other, about speech, voice, reading, writing, and the Other.

3. The first name of a very pessimistic philosopher (See Agora’s Topics page

4. A Belgian-French feminist philosopher and psychoanalyst, author of This Sex Which is Not One. (Initials of her first and last name).

5. For Buber, if not You then _ _ (See Agora’s Topics page

6. The ancient Cynic school of philosophy received its name from a Greek word which means…

7. This thinker discovered that he existed.

9. A quantifier in logic, which is read as: “There is an X such that…”

10. Items of clothing, which Quine or Adorno or Dewey would wear, but not Parmenides or Heraclitus or Zeno.

11. _ _ _ retius, an ancient thinker who wrote a poem about death (See Agora’s Topics page

12. A city in Syria in which the great 10th century philosopher Al Farabi, “the second master” (after Aristotle), lived for a while.

15. Between Cogito and sum.

17. What is common to philosophers Williams, Lonergan, and Bolzano: B _ _ _ _ _ d.

19. When Socrates was in prison, he was given a _ _ _.

21. Kierkegaard’s Either/_ _ (See Agora’s Topics page

24. Rousseau’s imaginary student (See Agora’s Topics page

28. He discussed with Socrates the nature of virtue.

29. Immanuel Kant was not only a philosopher. In astronomy, he developed the theory that the sun originated as a n_ _ _ la.

30. What a philosopher would use for his work before the invention of the computer.

31. David _ _ _ _, a Scottish philosopher who believed in ethical intuition (See Agora’s Topics page

32. What Socrates drank in the Symposium.

35. Author of Leviathan (initials of first and last name).

36. A prefix, which begins a word that normally means “making smaller,” but in philosophy it means translating one level of reality into a more basic level of reality (for example, psychology to biology).

38. An important British philosopher and logician, married four times, a conscientious objector against war (initials of first and last name) (See Agora’s Topics page

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