From the attitude point of view, philosophy is a kind of speech:
- requiring a rational mode (instead of an emotional or suggestive mode);
- supposing a detachment, a stepping back from the object of the enquiry, a suspension of any involvement;
- “truth oriented”: meaning that truth is one of its issues, with regard to the ethic dimension of sincerity, as well as the logic dimension of validity;
- it always has a panoramic perspective; which means it concerns us even when it says I. The single problem is always part of a shared speech;
- it always comes out as a questioning about facts, relationships, choices, etc.
From the content point of view, philosophy is a whole tradition, which is to say, a fully accessible archive of figures, reflections, hypothesis, experiences, all shaping an endless parallel with human existence.
And, while detecting these elements in a session of philosophical counselling is not always easy, verifying their absence is not difficult.